£16,120 Average salary at age 20
£29,120 Average Salary
45 Average hours per week


Farmers and related occupations cultivate arable crops, fruits and trees, and raise cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and other livestock for consumption.

Main Tasks

  • Feeds and waters animals, takes responsibility for livestock health and welfare, treats minor ailments and calls vet if necessary;
  • Plants, propagates, sprays, fertilises and harvests field crops;
  • Undertakes farm maintenance tasks such as fencing, hedging, cleaning and building maintenance;
  • Operates and maintains farm machinery such as combine harvesters, straw balers, milking machines and tractors;
  • Arranges for the sale of crops, livestock and other farm produce;
  • Maintains records of production, finance and breeding;
  • Ensures good environmental practice is observed in all tasks.


No formal academic qualifications are required, but prior practical farming experience is normally needed. Training is typically received on-the-job and via a variety of vocational qualifications in agriculture, including NVQs/SVQs at Levels 1 to 4. Apprenticeships are also available in some areas.

What Farmers studied in higher education

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What Farmers studied in higher education
Occupation Percentage Value
(G3) Statistics1
(L7) Human & social geography1
(G1) Mathematics1
(W2) Design studies1
(L3) Sociology1
(C1) Biology1
(H3) Mechanical engineering7
(W1) Fine art1
(H4) Aerospace engineering1
(F7) Science of aquatic & terrestrial environments1
(D3) Animal science2
(F8) Physical geographical sciences2
(D4) Agriculture52
(W6) Cinematics & photography1
(C7) Molecular biology, biophysics & biochemistry1
(V2) History by area1
(L2) Politics1
(K1) Architecture1
(H2) Civil engineering1
(B7) Nursing1
(W4) Drama2
(B9) Others in subjects allied to medicine1
(B1) Anatomy, physiology & pathology1
(V5) Philosophy1
(L1) Economics1
(K3) Landscape & garden design1
(T7) American studies1
(B4) Nutrition1
(N1) Business studies1
(C6) Sport & exercise science1
(N2) Management studies2
(V1) History by period2
(L6) Anthropology1

UK Prospects

111900 Workforce Size
1.81% Predicted growth 2024 - 2027
20643 Predicted Replacement 2024 - 2027

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